Gothic culture is a contemporary culture present in many countries. It began in the UK during the late 1970s and early 1980s, also derived from the post-punk genre. Gothic literature covers a lifestyle and is associated mainly with musical tastes from the 1980s to the present (darkwave/gothic rock, EBM, industrial, etc.), aesthetics with alternative make-up and hairstyles (colored hair, shredded hair) and a particular philosophical and literary baggage. The music turns to themes that glamorize decadence, nihilism, hedonism, and the dark side. The dark aesthetic translates into various styles of clothing, from deathrock, punk, Renaissance, and Victorian, or combinations of the previous ones, primarily based on Black color, often with colorful additions and full of accessories based on futuristic films in the case of cyber goths.
Gothic art was an artistic expression from The Late Middle Ages (12th century) that lasted until the Renaissance. Called the cathedral art, it was held in the cities. It was a reaction to the Romanesque style and intended to rival the monasteries and basilicas that were built in the field. This is because, at that time, the cities began to grow because of the economy based on trade.
Previously, collective experiences were concentrated in the field, and the monasteries consisted of places of intellectual and artistic development. The historical landmark of this movement occurred in the vicinity of Paris when the Royal Abbey of Saint-Denis was built between 1137 and 1144. This basilica is considered the first building with characteristics of Gothic art, as its facade with three portals leading to the three ships within the church. Later, the Gothic architecture will expand to England, Germany, Italy, Poland, and the Iberian Peninsula.